Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is also the historical capital of Bohemia. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava River, the city is home to about 1.26 million people, while its larger urban zone is estimated to have a population of nearly 2 million. The city has a temperate climate, with warm summers.
Prague has been a political, cultural, and economic centre of central Europe with waxing and waning fortunes during its 1,100-year existence. Its long history predispose Prague to be a perfect place for those who find joy in sightseeing, and its great cuisine and traditional beer make it a perfect place to spend some pleasant time. The main attractions include the Prague Castle, the Charles Bridge, Old Town Square with the Prague astronomical clock, the Jewish Quarter, the Petřín hill and Vyšehrad. The city boasts more than ten major museums and other historical exhibits, along with numerous theatres and galleries. Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
Prague has an excellent Public Transport System, which is very effective and inexpensive. Tickets are available from machines at underground stations, bus stops as well as tram stops (coins are needed), at news agent’s and from offices at the underground station (Hlavni nadrazi, Florenc, Muzeum, Kacerov). Keep in mind that your ticket must be marked before you enter underground station and immediately after you enter the bus or tram. Yellow marking machines are placed at the entrances to the underground station and near the door of the bus and the tram.